This is how you lay laminate floors that are easy to lock

Laying laminate flooring - what should be considered

Regardless of whether you move into a new house or an existing property, hardly anyone can avoid the subject of flooring. Laminate has made a name for itself over the past few decades. Many construction companies now automatically equip apartment buildings with this flooring. But Germans also like to choose the easy-care and comparatively inexpensive floor covering for renovation work. One of the great advantages is that laminate comes in many different colors and grains. The coating is available in friendly maple, fine beech, dark tones or with striking patterns, among other things.

Interesting facts about laminate

Who invented it? This question arises for many who want to lay a laminate floor in their own four walls. The world owes the hygienic flooring to the Swedes. The first laminate floor was made in 1977. Laminate was used even before that. Although the word is used colloquially as a synonym for the floor, it actually only means that it is a material made up of several layers. Laminates were used for wall panels and work surfaces as early as the 1920s.

The laminate floor presented in Sweden in 1977 was already manufactured using the modern HPL process. The word stands for High Pressure Laminate: Relatively inexpensive materials such as cardboard or paper are impregnated using a special process, which makes them robust and easy to care for. These panels are made in myriad designs and form the top layer of the floor. Here is more information about the composition of the laminate panels:

  • The lower layer of the laminate floor is called the backing. This is a fine layer of plastic or treated paper. The counter-tension ensures that the panel does not deform when it is used.
  • The carrier board consists of a fiber board: It can be processed so that grooves can be milled on the edges. They form the click system, which also enables laypeople to lay laminate without much effort and expensive tools.
  • There is an underlay above the carrier plate: This system is used for products of abrasion class 33 and higher. It ensures better resilience
  • The decorative paper is the layer that you see on the surface: sometimes the overlay and decorative film consist of one layer.

The surface is sealed with resins (acrylic or malamine) so that the laminate floor lasts for a long time and retains its shape even after many years. They protect the soil from external influences.

Laying laminate - it's that easy

With a little manual skill, you can lay a laminate floor yourself. However, starting work right after you buy it is not a good idea. Experts recommend unpacking and acclimatizing the panels around 48 hours before laying. There should be a temperature of at least 18 degrees and a maximum humidity of 70 percent. In the meantime, it's a good idea to carefully prepare the ground. First of all, you have to check whether the ground is level, and if necessary, the subsurface has to be straightened. It is also important that the floor no longer contains any residual moisture, which often happens with new houses or apartments. Small bumps can be straightened with a special leveling compound.

One of the few disadvantages of laminate flooring is that you can hear step through a lot. If you want to insulate the floor covering, you can apply impact sound insulation. Products made of felt, PE foam film or cork are ideal for this purpose. When laying the floor, the boards should follow the incidence of light. It is important to keep around one centimeter free at the edge because the material may expand. The gap can be bridged well with skirting boards.

Laminate has many advantages

Laminate has been one of the most popular floor coverings since the 1990s. No wonder, because the material has many advantages. One of them is the comparatively low price: Laminate is significantly cheaper than parquet, but has a cozy flair. There are countless variations in wood look, but imitation stone, plank flooring and many other models are also available. Laminate is also robust: It pays to pay attention to the resistance classes when shopping. They indicate how well the soil can withstand loads. Class 21 is sufficient for living spaces with little use. It is suitable for the bedroom or guest room, for example. Living and dining rooms, where life happens in many households, are perfectly equipped with class 22. Investing in class 23 is worthwhile for the hallway and other heavily used rooms.

Laminate flooring is ideal for allergy sufferers: unlike carpets, no mites and dust particles get caught in the flooring. The floor can be vacuumed at any time or wiped with a damp cloth. It can also be ideally combined with underfloor heating. Pet owners also like to opt for a laminate floor. The sharp claws of dogs and cats leave no traces in variants in a high resistance class. Last but not least, house and apartment owners like to choose laminate floors because they keep their shape for a long time. The material only fades a little when exposed to sunlight.