What is pea eggplant
Planting an aubergine in your own garden is pretty awesome, because it looks great in the bed with its pretty flowers and enriches your outdoor supermarket behind the house with a variety of vegetables. Whether as a mush with lots of garlic or as ratatouille - there are numerous ways to process it into a real culinary delight.
And best of all, if you know exactly what the eggplant is aka Egg fruit makes you happy, you can make sure that it feels completely at home in your flower beds and that it rewards you with lots of delicious fruits.
The best eggplant varieties
The aubergine variety "Violetta lunga" has earned a spot in our greenhouse. The varieties “Blaukönigin” and “De Barbentane” also look great outdoors and produce great yields.
Anyone who grows the small white variety "Blanche ronde à œuf" will quickly understand why the aubergine also bears the name eggplant. This variety of eggplant is also great to plant in a pot.
How many eggplants should i plants?
An eggplant plant will give you at least three to five delicious fruits. How many there really will be in the end depends on which type of aubergine you plant and whether you give it a warm and cozy place in your garden.
We plant three to four aubergines per person and thus make ends meet very well. If you are a huge eggplant fan and have a lot of space in the garden, you can of course grow more plants accordingly.
Good mixed culture partner for eggplants
We all prefer nice and helpful neighbors. The aubergine is also happy to have bed partners with whom it gets along well: it goes best with cauliflower, broccoli, lettuce, cabbage and spinach.
Are you still looking for great partners for your other vegetables? Then take a look at this article: 28 vegetables and their most effective mixed culture partners.
Instead, you can simply download my free garden plan. I've already figured it out for you and all you have to do is go out and get started:
Ideal conditions for eggplant
The eggplant is a little princess and a pea! In order for it to be able to produce large and, above all, fully ripe fruits, it needs a lot of sun and warmth. The warmer the better! If it is too cold for her, her fruits will not even ripen and all the effort was in vain.
That is why it is important to plant the prima donnas in a very sunny and cozy warm place in the vegetable garden: Perhaps on the south side of your house or on a stone wall? The place should be protected from the wind so that the comfortably warm air is not constantly transported away.
Eggplants appreciate humus rich and deep soil. A medium-heavy soil - for example silty or sandy loam - heats up more easily in spring and this is very beneficial for the sensitive eggplant.
Growing eggplants in the greenhouse
Is there a greenhouse or polytunnel in your garden? Great - then you are pretty sure of a big harvest of the delicious fruit. In the sheltered cultivation, however, you should keep an eye on that your offspring get enough fresh air, because they do not feel so comfortable in an environment with high humidity.
Eggplant in the pot plants
Eggplants are also great for growing in pots - so you can transport them to exactly where it is nice and warm and sunny. So that the hungry plants have enough space to stretch their roots in the ground, the planter should have a capacity of at least 15 to 20 liters.
Sow or plant eggplants?
The heat-loving plants need a head start in the house in order to be able to develop many ripe fruits. I therefore prefer these sun worshipers and later plant them in my beds.
When to sow and plant eggplants
From February to March you can prefer eggplant plants. In order for the seeds to germinate, they need constant temperatures between 20-25 ° C. Do not be surprised if germination is a bit long in coming: It can easily take two to three weeks for the snoring noses to look out of the ground.
You can either sow the seeds evenly in a large bowl or place individual seeds in small pots. The optimal sowing depth is 1 to 2 cm. As soon as the seeds have germinated and the first leaves appear, your little plants can move into their own pots. This step is not necessary if you planted the seeds in individual pots straight away.
If you want to read up on how to prick your little plants into larger pots, then take a look here: Prick out correctly: When, how, which plants?
Smaller Tip: The pots for your eggplant seedlings should be at least ten centimeters in diameter. Otherwise it will be too tight for your protégés until they can move into your bed.
In mid-May - after the ice saints - you can plant your aubergines in the bed. Make sure you harden them for a week beforehand so that the moving shock doesn't get too big. You can read about how hardening works in my cultivation article. If you want to plant eggplants in the greenhouse, you can move them a little earlier.
The nightshade plants need a lot of space to develop freely, so I plant my aubergines 100 x 50 cm apart.
Prepare the eggplant beds
Before you plant your favorite aubergines, you can do them something good by loosening the soil with a digging fork without turning it. I like to put a few horn shavings and some primary rock powder into the planting holes - this is how your green friends will find the best starting conditions in your bed.
The best thing to do is to put a planting stick into the ground for each plant so that you can later guide the aubergine upright. If you do this before you plant your eggplants, you won't damage any of their tender roots.
Planting eggplant: the care
Once the plants have arrived safely in their new home, you can limit the number of fruiting shoots to three to five per plant. In this way, the aubergine can put all its power into the selected fruits, so that they become really big. If the plant is allowed to grow as it wants, the fruits are a little smaller, but more numerous - and at least as tasty. ;)
Whenever your eggplants make a growth cycle, you tie them back to your climbing support so that the plants are stable and do not collapse under the weight of their fruits.
The nightshade family is quite thirsty and needs plenty of water because a lot of water evaporates through the large leaves. However, it is best to only water your plants from below so that their leaves do not get constantly wet. This is how you can prevent fungal infections.
If you mulch your eggplant plants liberally, as much water will not evaporate from the soil. I mulch my eggplants when they are about hand height the first time with wood chips and then gradually increase the mulch layer to about 15-20 cm. In the hot summer time it works wonders!
Eggplants are heavy eaters and need a lot of nutrients. Four to five weeks after I've planted them, they get a good dose of diluted nettle manure or some other organic liquid fertilizer. To feed those hungry mouths, I repeat this every four weeks.
You can also put a handful of chicken manure on top of the mulch cover. The rain dilutes the manure and washes the nutrients to the roots. If you do not mulch your plants, or only mulch them very thinly, you shouldn't do that because the fresh chicken manure will be too hot for the roots.
When and how to harvest eggplants
The first fruits outdoors are ripe from the end of June / beginning of August. You can tell when they have reached their optimal degree of ripeness by the fully colored skin and an irresistible shine. In the best case scenario, the sepals are still green and not yet brown - then the fruits are overripe and can become spongy.
Smaller Tip: Do you know the rule of thumb? Lightly squeeze the eggplant. If it immediately returns to its original shape, you can harvest and eat it!
Use a sharp knife or secateurs to cut the fruit over the goblet. They are quite firmly attached to the plant. So be careful not to tear off the whole drive with you - this has happened to me a few times. If you don't have a knife at hand, it is best to twist the fruit gently. ;)
Eggplants taste best when they are freshly harvested and processed directly. You can also store them for a few days - around 10 ° C - without any problems. But it is better not to store them right next to apples, because they give off the ripening gas ethylene, to which the aubergine is sensitive and makes it spoil more quickly.
Diseases and pests of eggplantn
If the eggplants often get wet or the humidity around them is very high, the pathogens causing the dreaded late blight or gray mold have an easy job. It is therefore important that the plants can always dry off nicely and that the temperatures are not too low.
Against an infestation with spider mites, lice or the whitefly you can spray the leaves with a mixture of rapeseed oil and water (5: 1) plus a little washing-up liquid. Repeat this every few days until your eggplant is rid of the pests.
Would you like to browse a little further? Then take a look at these articles:
Planting tomatoes in pots: the 11 most important steps!
How To Create A Growing Plan For Your Vegetable Garden!
Planting vegetables for beginners: when, how, where ?!
Hi, my name is Marie. Passionate gardener, mother of a six year old son and on the way to a simple and natural life. On my blog everything revolves around the topic of self-sufficiency: from the vegetable garden to animal husbandry or preserving your own harvest. Have fun browsing!
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