What does stubborn person mean

Scientific Conference 2021 Continuity and Topicality of Anti-Semitism. An Austrian and global challenge May 27-28, 2021

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The conference is open to the public and takes place in the Sky Lounge of the University of Vienna (Oskar-Morgenstern-Platz 1 | 12th floor). Due to the COVID-19 regulations, we ask you to register at [email protected] Please let us know whether you would like to attend the conference on one or both days. We ask for your understanding that we can only admit a limited number of participants. We will contact you to confirm your participation. Participation in the conference is also possible online. The corresponding links can be found in the program. By participating in this event, you agree that photos or recordings in which you can be seen may be published by the organizers of the event.

The series of events takes place in cooperation with the Catholic Theological Faculty, the Evangelical Theological Faculty of the University of Vienna and the Research Center Religion and Transformation in Contemporary Society.

With the kind support of the City of Vienna Culture, the Wiener Städtische Versicherungsverein, the Austrian National Bank, the Future Fund of the Republic of Austria and the Peter Ustinov Foundationmore ...
Who would have thought it possible a few years ago? Unfortunately, however, we have to state that anti-Semitic actions and statements can be seen again in many areas of society, and in some cases have become normal. The school makes no exceptions to this - on the contrary, anti-Semitic idioms and insults are quite the order of the day in school playgrounds and during breaks. We want to approach the topic in various events and formats: What does “anti-Semitism” mean today? What forms of the present can be found in our society? Where are the roots and how do current forms of Christian-motivated anti-Semitism show? How can we deal with it personally and address it in the classroom?
  • Dr. Meron MENDEL, Director of the Anne Frank Educational Center / Center for Civic Education and Advice, Hesse
  • Prof. Dr. Roman SIEBENROCK, Systematic Theology, Leopold-Franzens-University Innsbruck, spokesman for the local committee for Jewish-Christian cooperation in Tyrol
  • Mag.a Saba-Nur CHEEMA, studied political scientist and economist, educational director of the Anne Frank educational institution / Center for Civic Education and Advice, Hesse (D)
  • Ass.-Prof. Noam ZADOFF BA MA PhD, University Assistant PostDoc at the Institute for Contemporary History, University of Innsbruck (requested)
  • Dr. Karl BERGER, folklorist, head of the folklore museum of the Tyrolean state museums
  • Mag.a Katharina WALTER, Head of Visitor Communication at the Tyrolean State Museums
Dates: various, start in April 2021
Together with the Tirol Local Committee for Christian-Jewish Cooperation
Anti-Semitism in the migration society - April 29, 2021
+ NOTE: the event takes place ONLINE, access link here +     


The Cardinal Bea Center for Judaic Studies is pleased to announce scholarships for students who will register to the new Licentiate in Judaic Studies and Jewish-Christian Relations for the Academic Year 2021-2022. Each scholarship amounts to 10,000.00 Euros (which includes the tuition fee) and is offered for one Academic Year (two semesters), renewable for a second Academic Year

Taking its name and inspiration from the far-seeing vision of the Jesuit Augustin Bea, the principal promoter of Vatican II's Declaration Nostra Aetate, the Cardinal Bea Center is dedicated to encourage the understanding of Judaism and the exploration of Jewish-Christian relations, in particular the development of a Christian Theology that takes into account its Jewish roots. Further information about the Center can be found at: https://www.unigre.it/en/judaic-studies/

The Licentiate at the Cardinal Bea Center includes courses in the areas of Judaism and Jewish-Christian Relations, as well as interdisciplinary courses in Jewish-Christian History and Culture using the resources of the Pontifical Gregorian University, the Pontifical Biblical Institute and the Pontifical Oriental Institute . Scholarship holders will receive library privileges and other services granted by the three institutions.


Applicants, Italian or from abroad, have to be maximum thirty years old; admission requires a Bachelor's Degree and at least a passive knowledge of the Italian language (Italian language courses will be held at the Gregorian University before the beginning of the Academic Year).


Applicants are requested to send to [email protected]re.it the following documents:

a) A Personal Statement (approx. 300 words), explaining motivation and expectations with regard to the scholarship;

b) A curriculum vitae, giving details of education and language skills and any information the applicant considers relevant;

c) A copy of an identity document;

d) Academic Transcripts obtained during previous studies;

e) A letter of reference from an Ecclesiastical or Academic Authority.

Deadline for the submission of applications is April 26, 2021. A decision will be announced by May 7, 2021. Exceptionally, late applications may also be taken into consideration.

1 The tuition fee for one Academic Year (two semesters), at the Cardinal Bea Center, is Euro 2,710.00. The Cardinal Bea Center may assist scholarship holders with finding housing arrangements in Rome.

Piazza della Pilotta, 4 - 00187 Rome Tel .: +39 06 6701.5522 - E-mail: [email protected] Web: https://www.unigre.it/en/judaic-studies/
Dear Sir or Madam, dear colleagues, students and interested parties!

On behalf of the Sir Peter Ustinov Institute, I would like to invite you once again to two events:

1. To the following online panel discussion on Wed, April 28, 2021, 4 pm-6pm: “Experiences and challenges in the Austrian culture of remembrance”.
Discuss it: em. Univ.-Prof. Dr. Martin Jäggle, Dr. Hanno Loewy, em. Prof. Aleida Assmann (requested), Dr. Victoria Kumar, Mag. Awi Blumenfeld, Dr. Christoph Konrath and Dr. Otto Friedrich
Moderation: Associate Professor Regina Polak

To participate, please click on the following link: https://youtu.be/v5MLl6YkdSs
You are cordially invited to join the discussion, either via live chat or send us your question by email to [email protected]

Background: Almost forgotten and little known is the murder of over 200 Jews 600 years ago in what is now the 3rd district of Vienna. The Viennese Gesera, the mass murder on March 12, 1421, is today overlaid by the atrocities of the National Socialists. But anti-Semitism and its stubborn continuity into the Middle Ages still exist today. A lively culture of commemoration and remembrance is a prerequisite for a never again! For a long time in Austria this was shaped by the suppression, denial and upholding of an Austrian victim myth that the first victim of the National Socialists was to have been. Emotional debates about street names and monuments still refer to a problematic way of dealing with our past. With the increasing disappearance of contemporary witnesses, the culture of commemoration and remembrance is facing new challenges and demands new concepts.

2) For the scientific conference on Thursday, May 27th and Friday, May 28th, 2021 in the Sky Lounge of the University of Vienna on the topic of “Continuity and topicality of anti-Semitism. An Austrian and global challenge ”.
Should the corona infection process allow it, we would be happy to welcome you personally to the conference. Pre-registrations are already possible at [email protected]

The event is part of our series of events entitled “Continuity and Topicality of Anti-Semitism. An Austrian and global challenge ”.
The complete program can be found in the appendix.

In my role as scientific director of this series, I warmly greet you and look forward to your participation,
Regina Polak
Dear Sirs and Madames,

The board of the coordination committee for Christian-Jewish cooperation brings you our common greetings for Passover 5781 and Easter 2021 this year.
We still live and shape our everyday lives under the new conditions of Covid 19. The virus has changed us and our society, our families.
We care about the well-being of our relatives and the people in our country who are harmed to body and soul by the consequences of the corona pandemic.
We mourn together for the deceased, but also for those murdered in the terrorist attack on November 2, 2020 in Vienna. Pandemics and assassinations make us aware of the importance of working for solidarity in society.
We thought together about the victims of the Viennese Gesera on March 12, 1421/2021 and are worriedly watching the increasing anti-Semitism - associated with conspiracy myths like back then.
When the Jewish community celebrates Passover, it also reminds Christians of how the Eternal led his people out of slavery and into freedom.
When Christians celebrate the resurrection of Jesus on Easter vigil, they remind them: Love is stronger than death, God delivers out of fear.

We wish you, with your families and your communities, a festival of hope and resistance against division, violence and hatred, a festival of life, a festival of liberation for life this year.

We wish the Jews on the festival of freedom “pessach kascher wesameach” and the Christians a blessed Easter.

Dr. Willy Weisz, Vice President,
Dr. Margit Leuthold, Vice President,
Dr. Martin Jäggle, President,
Dr. Yuval Katz-Wilfling, managing director

March 04, 2021 | 16:00 - 18:00 | On the continuity of anti-Semitism. From the Viennese Gesera 1421 to the present day | online panel discussion including live stream in cooperation with the weekly newspaper Die FURCHE (participation at | https://youtu.be/VHq0T-Kiq10)

more ...
Statement by the Board of Management from March 4, 2021

We commemorate the victims of the Viennese Gesera, which came to a murderous conclusion on March 12, 1421 with the cremation of over 200 Jewish Viennese at the stake on the Gänseweide in Vienna Erdberg.

We recall the amalgamation of politics and theology that led to the forced baptisms, expulsion and murder of the Jewish population of Vienna at the time. Jewish life in Vienna was destroyed in the Wiener Gesera and at the same time it marks the first high point in a long history of hostility towards Jews and anti-Semitism in Vienna.

We are grateful for the revival of Jewish life in Vienna after the Shoah.

We would like to thank the University of Vienna and the Israelitische Kultusgemeinde Wien for the first commemoration in 600 years, which will take place on March 12th, 2021 on the place where the synagogue of the important Viennese Jewish community stood.

In our work we are encouraged by the readiness of the churches and their theology to take responsibility for hostility towards Jews and anti-Semitism as well as their excesses and to stand up for Jewish life today and against anti-Semitism.

We welcome the federal government's national strategy against anti-Semitism. With this, Austria is taking another necessary step on the way to living up to its historical and current responsibilities. The long-term safeguarding of Jewish life in Austria is particularly positive as part of the national strategy, which pursues three goals:

- to ensure the continued existence of Jewish life in Austria in the long term,
- curb anti-Semitism in all its forms,
- To create awareness for recognizing everyday anti-Semitism.

The "cooperation with the churches and religious societies" and their "task towards their members, but also through declarations and cooperation in public discourse" is emphasized. The self-commitment of the churches in the Charta Oecumenica is recalled to "counter all forms of anti-Semitism and anti-Judaism in church and society" and "to seek and intensify the dialogue with our Jewish brothers and sisters at all levels." Religious societies are described by way of example (Coordinating Committee for Christian-Jewish Cooperation, Israelite Religious Society, Judaism Day, KPH Vienna / Krems, “Marko Feingold Visiting Professorship”, Cafè Abraham, festagsgruss.at). The plan is to provide "sustainable support for projects of the churches and religious communities to promote the reduction of prejudices and the strengthening of social cohesion."

We point out the deep social and cultural roots of hostility towards Jews and anti-Semitism. This makes superficial and short-term activities unsuitable for combating them. Other forms of ethnic discrimination (e.g. racially motivated, religiously based) must also be taken into account and everything takes a long breath.

Even if we unreservedly welcome the goals of the National Strategy against Anti-Semitism, we still miss the structures and financial resources required to implement them. As the oldest interreligious organization in Austria, we have been working against anti-Semitism for 65 years and are ready to actively participate in the implementation of the national strategy.

Univ. Prof. i.R. Dr. Martin Jäggle President

Dr. Margit Leuthold Vice President

Dr. Willy Weisz Vice President
Tuesday, March 16, 7 p.m. online lecture (due to Covid-19 framework conditions)

New anti-Semitism and old racism?

Current challenges in educational work against anti-Semitism on the background of experiences in Christian-Jewish dialogue in Austria

The date of the “Wiener Gesera” 600 years ago - see photo on the right! - is an occasion to address the issue of anti-Semitism in principle. History teaches how allegedly religiously motivated reasons are put forward in order to ostracize a certain group of people economically and physically. This historical example should be applied to the present in order to become sensitive to similar processes in today's society: Even today there are political structures and processes that can facilitate the discrediting of certain groups of people.

With his extensive experience and practice, the speaker will refer to the current situation of the Christian-Jewish dialogue in Austria.

By questioning the usual church liturgical practice, it should also be shown how practiced practice without reflection can run the risk of prolonging negative clichés. In return, using the example of Easter, it should be shown how an anti-Semitism-free design can be possible. This should help the participants to recognize for themselves where they are confronted with the topic in their faith and life practice.

Speaker: Univ.-Prof. i.R. Dr. Martin Jäggle, President of the Coordination Committee for Christian-Jewish Cooperation

The event will take place on the Zoom video platform.
Meeting ID: 826 6063 0970
Identification code: 220058
The meeting room is open from 6:30 p.m.

If you have any technical questions, you can contact Barbara Buchinger in advance by phone: 0676 88070 1556


For him, he is president of the coordinating committee for Christian-Jewish cooperation.


He is President of the Coordinating Committee for Christian-Jewish Cooperation
For him, dialogue means helping the truth to break through.
Discover what we have in common - recognize what is different.
This is what the religious educator and long-standing university professor at several theological faculties, Martin Jäggle, endeavored to achieve throughout his life.

Cafe Abraham

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In this sense; See you tomorrow.
The “Maimonides Lectures” deal with the interactions between religions and the humanities. In the spirit of the philosopher, doctor and scholar Mosche ben Maimon (Córdoba, 1135 - Cairo, 1204), the “Maimonides Lectures” encounter Jewish, Islamic and Christian traditions.

The series is a joint venture of the Austrian Academy of Sciences and the following Abrahamic religious communities: Old Catholic Church, Bulgarian Orthodox Church, Evangelical Church AB and HB, Methodist Church, Greek Orthodox Church, Austrian Islamic Faith Community, Israelite Religious Community, Coptic Orthodox Church, Roman -Catholic Church, Romanian Orthodox Church, Serbian Orthodox Church, Syrian Orthodox Church as well as the Karl Landsteiner Private University for Health Sciences in Krems, the Church-Pedagogical University Vienna-Krems and the Coordinating Committee for Christian-Jewish Cooperation ". In addition to these institutions support also the foundation "Propter homines" and the Benedictine monastery Admont the series.

Scientific concept:
w.M. Hans-Dieter Klein and w.M. Patrizia Giampieri-German

12th symposium:
February 10-11, 2021
Hope in the frame of reference of the Abrahamic religions
Michael Bünker, Former Bishop of the Evangelical Church A.B.
“Hope will not be put to shame” (Romans 5: 5). Basic features of Christian eschatology today "


The coordination committee for Christian-Jewish cooperation mourns Arik Brauer, who died Sunday evening with his family. With him we lose an outstanding, versatile Jewish artist and sensitive person. As a recognized artist and survivor of the Shoah, the “Viennese suburban child” has always stood up for human dignity and democracy. We will miss his voice very much. The memories of a person full of joie de vivre, humor, wit and criticism remain, but also his art, for which we are very grateful.
His works can not only be found in the community center of the IKG Vienna. A work by Arik Brauer is particularly important in Vienna's 2nd district, namely the facade of the Catholic parish church Am Tabor. It was redesigned in 1985 based on a design by Arik Brauer. The picture, overglaze painter burned, represents the Last Supper with symbols of the Jewish festival of Passover.
Arik Brauer has been painting with the Old Testament, the Hebrew Bible, all his life. The Fantastic Realist saw nothing else in the Old Testament than “Fantastic Realism” because everything “is written down with incredible poetry and fantasy”. As a “millennium work of art” it is for him “a unique document of humanity of the first order”, “a grandiose testimony to human wisdom and human errors”.
The trigger for Arik Brauer's retelling of the Old Testament was a question from his 10-year-old granddaughter Alina: “What was actually before the Big Bang?” Arik Brauer says: “You can't find out what happened before the Big Bang by reading the Bible. But the old stories tell us who we are and how we react - for better and for worse. "
This afternoon, in memory of Arik Brauer, I will look at pictures from Arik Brauer: Museum and Collection with my granddaughters and, as soon as possible, visit the Arik Brauer art collection in the 19th district with all of the grandchildren.
His works deserve much more attention, especially in all Christian educational processes.

Martin Jäggle, President
“Courage, Courage” - this was the title of the ecumenical divine service on Judaism Day in Graz's Heilandskirche on January 17, 2021. The celebration was held on site by members of the Ecumenical Forum of Christian Churches in Styria and the Graz Committee for Christian-Jewish Cooperation, with over 100 participants online.
The sermon, the text of which is now available for download, was delivered by Dr. Michael Bünker, Former Bishop of the Evangelical Church A.B. in Austria.
Diocesan Cantor Mag. Thomas Wrenger (organ, vocals) and Dipl.-Theol. Eleftherios Kyriakidis (Psalm 103 according to the Greek Orthodox tradition).
The video of the service can be found here (the sermon from 7:05 p.m.):

Last Sunday, the Ö1 program Lebenskunst was dedicated to Judaism Day.
Part of the broadcast was a portrait of Prof. Martin Jäggle, a compilation of an hour of interview.
It would have been more appropriate for the day to dedicate a portrait to a Jewish personality, but that is the decision of the editorial team.
In the night from Sunday to Monday, Prof. Erich Leitenberger passed away unexpectedly. The Board of Directors of the Coordination Committee for Christian-Jewish Cooperation is deeply affected by his passing and is deeply saddened. With Erich Leitenberger, who was ecumenically and interreligiously engaged, we are losing a very important, tireless and for decades loyal friend and promoter of Christian-Jewish dialogue. His profession, profession and calling was journalism. With its resources, he successfully campaigned for initiatives and people involved in Christian-Jewish dialogue to receive appropriate attention in the church public. It was particularly important to him to make the Christian-Jewish initiatives from Italy known in Austria. He himself always stayed in the background. On Sunday evening Erich Leitenberger took part in the ecumenical service on Judaism Day in the Anglican Church in Vienna via ZOOM and wrote the report about it. For several years he has been a member of the editorial advisory board of the journal Dialog / DuSiach and one of the auditors of the coordination committee for Christian-Jewish cooperation.

For the coordinating committee for Christian-Jewish cooperation
Martin Jäggle, President
Divine service for "Judaism Day" in Vienna - Provincial Superintendent Hennefeld calls for a new Christian-Jewish dialogue in a sermon: "Not teaching and proselytizing, but learning from one another and being on the way together in community" - commemoration of Wiener Gesera 600 years ago

The churches officially celebrated "Judaism Day" on Sunday evening with a service in the Anglican Christ Church in Vienna. The World Council of Churches in Austria and the Coordinating Committee for Christian-Jewish Cooperation had invited to the non-public service, which was broadcast online. The sermon was held by the Reformed regional superintendent Thomas Hennefeld, who pleaded for even more reconciliation between Christians and Jews and a new approach to Christian-Jewish dialogue: "Not teaching and proselytizing, but learning from one another and being on the way with one another in community," he said Hennefeld's appeal.
Christianity still tends to devalue the Jewish and to place the new covenant of Jesus over the old covenant of God with his people Israel, Hennefeld admitted. He spoke of the image of the "obstinate and blind Jew who still does not understand it, does not want to see that Jesus is the Messiah, that he has established the new covenant".

Hennefeld therefore called for people to take off their "Christian glasses" and to approach Jewish texts with an open mind and "with a heart that seeks community and reconciliation". If you take that into account, you should also put your Christian glasses back on, because "then we will read the texts differently and anew". Hennefeld literally: "As a Christian I believe that Jesus is God's Son, that he is the Messiah, that he came to save the world." Jesus himself spoke of the new covenant at the last supper. But the decisive difference to the initial reading with Christian glasses is "that I do not do it in opposition, not in contrast to the people of Israel or to Judaism".
The Jewish way is a way to God. "And we Christians should take note that Jews do not need Jesus for their religion, even if it hurts some," emphasized the regional superintendent: "God has put something in people's hearts that leads them to find their own way to God There is a Jewish and a Christian way. And many more ways. And these ways also branch out again and again. " And again in other words: "I can accept Christ as the Son of God and still give Judaism its own path. That is not a contradiction."

The service was presided over by the Anglican Episcopal Vicar Patrick Curran, the Catholic Viennese Episcopal Vicar Dariusz Schutzki, the Serbian Orthodox Bishop Andrej (Cilerdzic), the Armenian Apostolic Bishop Tiran Petrosyan and the Reformed Regional Superintendent Thomas Hennefeld; furthermore also the president of the coordination committee Prof. Martin Jäggle, the manager of the committee Yuval Katz-Wilfing, the catholic publicist (with Jewish roots) Ruth Steiner and Rosie Evans from the Anglican Church. The service in the Anglican Christ Church in Vienna was broadcast via Radio Maria and livestream due to the corona.
In his words, Episcopal Vicar Schutzki recalled the Viennese Gesera 600 years ago. On May 23, 1420, Duke Albrecht V gave the order to capture all Jews in the Duchy of Austria. That was the starting shot for one of the darkest chapters in Austrian history: the expulsion and murder of the Jewish population from Vienna and Lower Austria between May 1420 and March 12, 1421. All Jewish communities and all Jewish life in Austria at that time were completely extinguished (through forced baptisms, evictions, looting and murder). The "Wiener Gesera" came to an end on March 12, 1421 with the cremation of the 210 surviving Viennese Jews on the Erdberger Gänseweide - at that time still outside the gates and walls of Vienna.
Schutzki spoke of the absolute obligation never to forget these and many other terrible episodes in the history of Vienna and Austria. And he asked the warning question: "Can something like this still happen today?"
(Further information on Judaism Day: www.oekumene.at or www.tagdesjudentums.at)

Source: Catholic Press Agency KATHPRESS, Vienna, Austria
Vienna January 12, 2021, 6:30 p.m.
Learning Day takes place online. Live stream here ...
Meeting ID: 896 0149 0692
Passcode: Bund

Linz January 14, 2021, 7:00 p.m.

Vienna January 14, 2021, 7:00 p.m.
Remembrance Day has been postponed to March 18, 2021.

St. Pölten January 14th, 2021, 7:00 p.m.
Evening on Judaism Day, St. Hippolytus
ONLINE lecture: The Likrat youth dialogue project

Vienna January 15, 2021, 4 p.m.
Lecture - 600 years of expulsion of the Jews from Vienna (Gesera 1421) ONLINE - Paper, parchment and stones, material witnesses of the Jewish Middle Ages in Austria. Lecture by Martha Keil. Theological courses.

Vienna January 17, 2021, 6 p.m.
Day of celebration, Anglican Church, ÖRKÖ Ecumenical Divine Service on Judaism Day. Livestream here ...
Meeting ID: 808 226 2476

The Lord says, “See, here is my servant to whom I stand. I have chosen him and I am happy about him. I have given him my spirit, and he will proclaim my justice to the peoples. ”Isaiah 42: 1
Sermon SI Thomas Hennefeld
With Rev'd Canon Patrick Curran, Darius Schutzki, Bishop Andrej, Bishop Tiran.
Due to the pandemic, the number is limited and only actors who are based in the 3rd district were invited because of the focus on the Viennese Gesera (March 12, 1421/2021), the "conclusion" of which was the cremation of 200 Jews on the Gänseweide, now the 3rd district. District, parish of BV Schutzki.

Graz January 17th, 2021, 7:00 p.m.
from the Evangelical Heilandskirche in Graz only online ...
Sermon: Dr. Michael Bünker

Innsbruck January 18, 2021, 8:00 p.m.
ONLINE Judaism Day Meaning of the Torah for Jews and Christian believers panel discussion.
Magdalena Modler-El Abdaoui, moderation
Olivier Dantine, Superintendent of the Evangelical Church A.B. for Tyrol and Vorarlberg
Anna Kraml (religion teacher / Innsbruck; doctoral candidate in Old Testament biblical studies with Georg Fischer)
Jaron Engelmayer, Chief Rabbi (Vienna)
After the most recent ECJ ruling on ritual slaughter, the Coordinating Committee for Christian-Jewish Cooperation calls on domestic politicians to adhere to the rules on slaughter that apply in Austria. The decision of the European Court of Justice to "allow European states to attach less value to religious freedom than to assumed animal welfare gives rise to great concern that a ban on slaughter of whatever kind could then spread within the EU," it says in a letter published on Wednesday by the Coordinating Committee Bureau to the club chairmen of the parliamentary parties.

In Austria, shafting is permitted with restrictions. The domestic legal situation is based on a balance between the claims of animal welfare and freedom of religion, explain the presidium members Martin Jäggle, Margit Leuthold and Willy Weisz. Shafts are allowed under conditions that minimize animal suffering as much as possible and still do justice to religious needs. The Coordination Committee representatives recall that the Constitutional Court has already determined that a ban on slaughter would be unconstitutional. "We expect the parties represented in parliament to continue to work to ensure that shafts in Austria continue to be possible in compliance with the stipulated conditions," they stated in the letter to the club chairmen.

The background to this is a decision of the European Court of Justice on December 17th. Based on a legal dispute about a state-imposed restriction on slaughtering in the Belgian region of Flanders, the Luxembourg judges decided that EU countries may also stipulate anesthesia of animals in the context of religious slaughter.

The ECJ ruling states that a regulation on stunning animals restricts the exercise of religious freedom. With reference to animal welfare, this is proportionate. Specifically, the court sees the Flemish ban on slaughter as an "appropriate balance" between animal welfare and religious freedom. Also, the restriction only applies to one aspect of the ritual and does not prohibit slaughter as a whole. The Flemish decree also allows ritually slaughtered meat to be imported and sold locally.

The European Rabbinical Conference (CER) already exerted sharp criticism immediately after the ECJ decision became known. She sees the right to freedom of worship in danger. The Jewish community in Europe must "once again ask itself the question of whether it is really welcome in Europe," said the CER President and Moscow Chief Rabbi Pinchas Goldschmidt. The Flemish decree set a precedent that is already having noticeable consequences for the Belgian Jewish community. There were supply bottlenecks during the corona pandemic. It is to be feared that Jewish communities all over Europe will "feel" the effects of the judgment.

The Orthodox Rabbinical Conference Germany (ORD) made a similar statement. "With the argument that the welfare of the animal has priority over religious practices, life is made even more difficult for religious minorities than before and the religious freedom they have been guaranteed up to now is significantly restricted." In addition, religious slaughter is already heavily regulated in the EU.

Source: Catholic Press Agency KATHPRESS, Vienna, Austria