What is Rem Radiology


Synonym: radiology
from Latin: radiare - rays; ancient Greek: logos - teaching
English: radiology

1 definition

The radiology is a medical specialty that encompasses all areas of imaging for diagnostic and therapeutic purposes.

While X-rays and sensitive films were primarily used in medical imaging in the past - hence the technical term, radiology today includes several different imaging methods such as computed tomography (CT), magnetic resonance tomography (MRT) or ultrasound (US).

The corresponding specialist in radiology is called a radiologist.

2 Subdivision according to diagnosis and therapy

2.1 Diagnostic radiology

Diagnostic radiology deals with the detection of diseases. It includes various non-invasive imaging techniques.

2.1.1 X-ray diagnostics

The term "X-ray diagnostics" encompasses all imaging methods in which X-rays are used. Its basic principle is the plane projection of body structures onto an image medium. Examples are:

The radiation doses used in X-ray diagnostics are very low, but they can nonetheless increase the risk of cancer for the patient and the medical staff. Therefore, in radiology, special emphasis is placed on the concerns of radiation protection.

2.1.2 Diagnostics not based on X-rays

2.2 Interventional Radiology

In contrast to diagnostic, non-invasive radiology, which only serves to detect diseases, is interventional radiology. This is where "interventions" are carried out on the patient. These include:

3 Subdivision according to focus / organ systems

3.1 Sub-specialization

As in all specialist areas, there is also increasing sub-specialization in the above-mentioned sub-areas in radiology. After appropriate training, radiologists in Germany can, for example, specialize in neuroradiology or pediatric radiology.

4 nuclear medicine and radiation therapy

The specialties of nuclear medicine and radiation therapy are closely related to that of radiology related, but have developed into independent subject areas in Germany.

4.1 Nuclear Medicine

Nuclear medicine enables the diagnosis and therapy of diseases with the help of radioactive substances. Frequent examinations in nuclear medicine include, for example:

4.2 Radiotherapy

5 literature

5.1 books

  • Radiology Guide. Bittner, R.C. ISBN 3-437-41210-8; KNO 06 29 50 87 Price1: 39.95 EUR-D
  • Radiology facts. Pickuth, Dirk 2002. 286 p. 18 cm. Boxed. 263gr .: ISBN 3-89599-310-7
  • Textbook of radiological clinical diagnostics. Edited by Gerhard Lechner, Martin Breitenseher et al. 2003. XV, 510 p. M. 1702. z. Partly colored ISBN 3-85175-754-8
  • Radiology. A case-based textbook. Oestmann, Jörg-Wilhelm: 2002. X, 306 pp. 864 z. Tl. Two-color. Fig. 27 cm. Boxed. 933gr. ISBN 3-13-126751-8
  • Medical radiology technology, diagnostics, radiation therapy, radiation protection. For doctors, medical students and MTRA. Laubenberger, Theodor; Laubenberger, Jörg: 7th, revised. Ed. 1999. 635 p. M. 363 fig. 19 cm. Boxed. 600 g. ISBN 3-7691-1132-X

5.2 Magazines

6 links