Meerab means who Jesus is in the Koran

Sura 3 verses 19-20"See, the religion with God is Islam"

"See, the religion with God is Islam. And those to whom the scriptures were given were not divided earlier than after the knowledge had come to them - out of envy of one another. (...) And so they quarrel with you Say: 'I have surrendered my face to God, and so he who follows me.' "

The spread of the faith is undoubtedly part of the right to freedom of expression. Religions and also non-religious worldviews have the right to spread their beliefs. There is a moral obligation to stand up for this right as an essential aspect of freedom of expression, and not just for one's own beliefs.

The predominant view of religion among Muslims appears at first glance to be exclusive. As a result, the earlier religions have been abolished by the Koranic revelation and declared invalid. Salvation can therefore only be achieved by accepting the Koran and converting to Islam.

The series "Koran explains" as a multimedia presentation

Many Muslims therefore see the spread of their faith as a religious and moral duty towards God and their fellow human beings. These exclusive approaches in Islam relate to passages from the Koran that portray Islam as the only true religion - one of them are the verses quoted at the beginning.

Ömer Özsoy from the Institute for Islamic Studies at the University of Frankfurt. (Photo: Fredrik von Erichsen dpa / lhe)

However, uncritical reading overlooks the development of word meanings. The word "islâm" has a long history of development in the use of the Koran.

The original meaning of the word islâm is "surrender". This meaning is even included in later verses in which the word islâm is already used as a proper name for the Muslim community. Islam as a surrender is therefore not a monopoly of the Muslims.

In the original Arabic text of the Koran, many earlier prophets such as Abraham and Jesus are also referred to as "Muslim" in the sense of "devoted to God." This also applies to their followers. Jesus' disciples, for example, are also called Muslim in the Koran.

In verses 111 and 112 of Sura 2, the Koran itself vehemently rejects any monopoly claim using the example of Jews and Christians: "And they say: 'No one else goes to Paradise except Jews or Christians.' Such are their wishes. (...) No; whoever gives his face to God and does good, has his reward with his Lord. "

In accordance with this Koranic basis, the religious tradition of every believer is to be regarded as his home. Nobody could ethically legitimize kidnapping a child from a neighboring family who is happy at home and luring it into their own home.

The Koran offers a perspective here by addressing Muslims not only as members of the Islamic family, but also as residents of a district, a neighborhood. God is not only interested in the Muslim family, he reveals himself to be the protector of the entire neighborhood.

A repeat of the 2015 broadcast.