What does 10 4 apricot meanings
Planting an apricot tree: Instructions & tips from a professional
Sweet apricots are a real treat, especially in summer. We show you how to plant your own apricot tree very easily and in just a few steps.
The apricot (Prunus armeniaca) known in Armenia, hence the appropriate botanical name. In the Bavarian-Austrian language area it is also called "apricot". Nowadays, the popular stone fruit is mainly grown in Mediterranean countries such as Italy and Spain. If you don't want to do without the sweet, yellow-orange fruits in summer, you can also easily put an apricot tree in your own garden.
There are a few important things to keep in mind when planting fruit trees. For example, the right planting material and suitable site conditions are of great importance for successful growth. Below we give you step-by-step instructions on how to best proceed when planting an apricot tree.
Buying an apricot tree: as a pot or bale product?
Before planting, you should inquire about experience with the desired variety in nurseries and check whether it is adapted to the local conditions in your garden. Most of these fruit trees are sold in bales or containers.
The difference here is in the cultivation. Bales of goods are in the field and are only gouged out with a ball of earth and packed before ordering. As a rule, these trees grow well, as only a small part of the root mass is lost when transplanted. In most tree nurseries, however, bales are only offered in early spring or autumn. In contrast, container goods are available all year round. The plants are raised in a container (or tub) in which they are then sold. As a result, no root mass is lost through the pruning and the plant develops very well in the first year, as it does not have to use any force to regrow the lost root mass.
Tip from the professional: The root packaging for bale goods, the so-called ball cloth, protects the plant from drying out. If you want to plant later, you can open the packaging, moisten the roots and close the packaging again close to the trunk. In this way, the tree can be temporarily stored undamaged in a protected, cool place for a few days.
When to plant the apricot tree
It is best to plant apricot trees in autumn (October / November). In this way, the roots can develop and spread over the winter. Alternatively, you can plant in spring (March / April) after the winter frost. At this time, the mostly cheaper bale goods are also available. When planting in spring, however, pay particular attention to an adequate water supply for the young tree.
Tip from the professional: Apricot trees can also be grown wonderfully as espalier fruit on house walls. In this way, they are protected from frost in colder climates.
Instructions for planting an apricot tree
In the following section we will explain the best way to go about planting an apricot tree.
Required materials for planting the apricot tree
You need the following utensils for planting an apricot tree:
- Spade, shovel, hoe
- Support pile, binding material
- Hammer, secateurs
- Potting soil, compost soil
- Trunk protection, coconut mat
Choose a suitable location for the apricot tree
It is best to choose the right location right away, because the apricot tree does not tolerate being transplanted later. The tree does not tolerate soil that is too dry or too wet. Therefore, clay and loess soils with a high humus content are best suited. The ideal location for an apricot tree should be sunny, warm and sheltered from the wind. Sufficient sun protection in spring also ensures that budding does not occur too early and that there is no frost damage to the flowers.
Dig the planting hole for the apricot tree
Once a suitable location has been found, the planting hole can be dug. Make sure that there is sufficient distance to other trees so that the fully grown apricot trees also have enough space later. The planting hole should be dug about a third deeper than the height of the root ball of the tree. Then loosen the soil at the bottom of the planting hole with a hoe twice as deep as the pot is.
Attach the support post for the apricot tree
If the soil is already loosened, you can provide the planting hole with a support post. This should be about the same height as the trunk and be tucked in on the west side if possible. In this way, the apricot tree will later be pushed away from the post and not against it by the wind.
Prepare the planting hole for the apricot tree
So that the small apricot tree has sufficient nutrients available right from the start, you can put some potting soil and compost soil in the planting hole. Mix the different layers well and, if necessary, work in a fertilizer with an organic long-term effect - such as our Plantura organic tomato fertilizer.
Prepare the apricot tree before planting
Before inserting container goods, you should carefully scratch the root ball all around with a pair of scissors and loosen it up a little with your hands. This measure stimulates the root branching. A pruning of the roots is usually not necessary for container goods. However, if the root ball is very dry, the young tree can be immersed in a bucket of water again before planting.
Plant the apricot tree
Place the tree in the planting hole so that the grafting point protrudes at least 5 centimeters above ground level. Then fill the hole again with the excavated earth and carefully step on it. Finally, the freshly planted tree should be well watered, because only the sludge ensures that the earth settles well and surrounds the roots.
You can now tie the tree to the support pole to protect it from strong winds. Care should be taken not to attach the rope too tightly so that the tree does not suffer from constrictions. Additional measures, such as the installation of special protection against eating, protect the young tree from rodents. Placing a coconut mat underneath ensures that the tree slice remains free of weeds and that there is no competition for nutrients between the herbs and the shallow-rooted apricot tree.
Summary: Planting an apricot tree
- It is best to plant in autumn (October / November)
- Choose a warm, sheltered location
- Dig the planting hole large and deep enough
- Drive in the support post to protect against the wind
- Improve the garden soil with potting soil and compost
- If necessary, incorporate some organic long-term fertilizer
- Score and loosen the root ball
- Place the tree and close the planting hole with excavated soil
- Take it easy and silt up
- Tie the tree to the stake, attach anti-seizure protection and lay out a coconut mat
Maintain apricot tree after planting
In order for the young tree to develop well, you should make sure that there is an adequate water supply, especially in the first few years. Annual fertilization with compost and organic long-term fertilizers can also have a positive effect on growth and yield. For more detailed information on fertilizing fruit trees, see this article.
In order to direct the growth of young apricot trees in the right direction, regular training prunings are also required after successful planting. Later only a so-called clearing cut is carried out, in which only those branches and shoots are removed that prevent other shoots from developing too much. You can find more information about the correct pruning of fruit trees in our special article.
Tip from the professional: Herbs that require little nutrients and water can be grown under young fruit trees without hesitation. For example, nasturtiums can be used as a spice in the kitchen and at the same time protect the tree from pests.
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I am currently studying agricultural and food economics at BOKU in Vienna. Gardening is a lot of fun for me and it certainly takes up most of my free time. A few years ago, my interest in herbs was aroused, which is why I completed my training as a certified herbalist in 2018.
Favorite fruits: apples, cherries
Favorite vegetables: potatoes, fennel
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