Pair of numbers with a difference of 12

difference

The word subtraction comes from the Latin and means "to subtract". So you subtract one or more smaller numbers from a mostly larger number. It is often referred to as "minus arithmetic" because the arithmetic symbol for the subtraction is the minus sign (-).

The result of a subtraction is called the difference. You get it if you subtract the second number (subtrahend) from the first number (minuend).

Minuendminussubtrahendequaldifference
5
12
-
-
3
5
=
=
2
7

Just imagine you're having a birthday party. You poured 5 glasses of lemonade with it. 3 glasses are drunk empty, there are still 2 full glasses left. The remaining 2 full glasses correspond to the difference. The 5 full glasses from the beginning correspond to the minuend from which you subtract the 3 empty glasses (subtrahend).

The difference is the result of the subtraction. It arises when you subtract the second number (subtrahend) from the first number (minuend).