Kele bros wholesalers Rockhampton subdivision



Preliminary remark: This directory was created around 2000 for personal use in preparation for a publication on Northern Ghana and has since been improved and supplemented. Some of the information is of little use to third-party users (e.g. the number in the private collection of copies). The references refer primarily to works owned by the author.

The focus of the place directory was placed on northern Ghana. The keyword-like data behind the underlined bibliography contain general information about the country, historical, ethnological, geographical and also tourist information.

Since the spelling for many places is (or was) not fixed, it is possible that some places appear several times under different spellings in the following list.

2008: Due to excessive length, the old general directory was divided into the parts of Northern Ghana and Southern Ghana: Newer additions are only made in these new lists, and the entire directory has been taken completely off the network!

Abbreviations: Abbreviations of references can be found in a separate bibliography. Abbreviations of the regions (after the place name):

A = Ashanti region; BA = Brong Ahafo Region; C = Central Region; E = Eastern Region; GA = Greater Accra; N = Northern Region; UE or UER = Upper East Region; UW or UWR = Upper West Region; V = Volta Region; W = Western Region



Adabei, Bongo District, Raphew, p. 23, previously more important than Bolga, large market

Adaboya, UE, Bolgatanga District, road map: NE, SW Kulumasi

Adibo, N, on the road between Yendi and Kete Krachi.

        Ghanaweb 29.8.14: Dagomba under the old Chief Andaani II of Germans on the 3rd / 4th Struck December 1986; today still Adibo Dali (Day of Adiba), German troops to Yendi; bravest

Warrior: Kanbon-Nakpem Ziblim

Pilaszewicz 1992

        Staniland 1975, p. 9: 4 December 1896: a Dagomba army of 7,000 was routed by a tiny German force of 100; p.iiv: map, Dagomba settlement

Adonsi, UE, Bawku District, west of W.Volta, road map, N Kusinaba

Adoyili / Aduyeli, Davies fieldnotes

Aduyeli, N, on the Damongo-Tamale road

Ajalaja, Davies fieldnotes


            Tonah 2007, p. 243: small settlement on the northern banks of Lake Volta (field research area of ​​Tonah 2007)

Akolmasa, in Frafra Land, formerly a large market, Raphew p. 23;

Akundawi, UE, Navrongo District; Road map: NW, S Navrongo

Akunkongu, Davies fieldnotes

Akurugu-Daboo, UE, Kasena? Kassena-Nankana West District

            Avedoba 2009, p. 110: 2007: new District of Kasena-Nankana West, headquarters: Paga; p. 277: protest of the chiefs and people of Kasena East District against the creation of the new district: communities including Yua, Natugnia, manyoro and Akurugu-Daboo had been put under the new District

Aniago, Davies fieldnotes

Apodabogo, UE, Bawku District, west of W.Volta, road map, S Kusinaba

Arabe, UE, Bolgatanga District, road map: NE, N border

Arigu, UE, Bolgatanga District, road map: NE, SW Kologu, Binger

Arumon, UW, Davies fieldnotes

Asantegyan, UW, Sisaala

        Rattray, p. 466 fn: Isala [Sisaala] settlement, "me sable ga" or Tamboboba dialect, p. 484: under the Head Chief of Tumu; Clan: small mouse; Chief: Bamoa (Divisional Chief); inhabitants were originally Hen'vera (Clan) and their totem was tông

Asong, UE, Bolgatanga District, road map: NO, east Zuarung, on the road

Asumpe, Davies fieldnotes

Atunga, Davies fieldnotes

Azupunpun, Davies fieldnotes



Baamwo, UW, Burkina border near Nappa,

Baba Lagoon, Davies fieldnotes

Babile, UW. Ivory Coast border,

Goody Kalabule (Ghana’s North, 2003) p. 4 + 6 (market)

Williamson, Diaries p. 301,

The 2001, pp. 47, 50

Babugyan, UW

         Rattray, p. 466 fn: Isala [Sisaala] settlement, "me se ya" dialect

Bachin, N, near or on Lake Volta, Davies fieldnotes

Bachonsa, UE, Bulsa,

Anquandah 1998, p. 22: Map: stone-circles + terracottas

Kroger (various sources, unpublished): Sections: Changelisa, Liidem, Nanyiensa, Tibaasa, Vaara (formerly own place), Chiefs: Ayuenala (around 1912, new chief was elected around 1920), Ayaafinayari; Atuebey (3/25/1977 -)

Badisebai, UW, Sisaala

           Rattray,  p. 483: under the Head Chief of Tumu and the Divisional Chief of Sakai; Clan: Hene-pot; Chief: Lurwie

Bado, UE, Bawku District, east of W.Volta, northernmost town in Ghana? at Kulugungu, border

Bagale, N, Mamprusi,

            Bening, 2001, p.25: May 1927: Bagale, the historic Dagomba settlement, and the villages under it included in the Western Dagomba District

Pilaszewicz 2009, p. 2: Alhasan's Ajami Ms: "History of the Dagomba people": cradle of the Dagombas;

Schlottner p. 19 (map);

Tamakloe, History, 1931: Na Nyagse settled there: pp. 13, 16, 62:

Bagapi, N, on or near Black Volta

Baghari, Davies fieldnotes

Bago, Tamakloe, History 1931: p. 62

Bagon, Tamakloe, History 1931: p. 62

Bagpiapia, N, on or near Black Volta

Baka, Davies fieldnotes

Bakoala, UW, Sisaala

           Rattray,  p. 483: under the Head Chief of Tumu and the Divisional Chief of Sakai; Clan: Hene-pot, Chief: Bakyina


            Avedoba 2009, p.247: Nawuri village; Guinea Corn Festival

Bale, N, on or near Black Volta, Davies fieldnotes

Balie, Davies fieldnotes

Balima, former settlement in the Wungu Province, NR

            Abubakari (2008), p. 40: a pre-colonial settlement located between Wungu and Yama (NR). The inhabitants of B. vacated the settlement and moved to Wungu and other settlements ... as a result of slave raiding and perennial water shortages ...; 29th December, 2007: Wunaba (Wungu) enskinned Mr. Alfred Azumah Imoro, alias Addao, as the Bandana.

Ballan, UW, Awuna

         Rattray, P. 483: under Divisional Chief of Kopun and under Head Chief of Tumu; Clan: Kajera-tree; Awuna village under Tumu

Balure, UE, Bolgatanga District, road map: NO, O Wulugu, on W Volta

Bamahu, Davies fieldnotes

Bamboi, N, south Bole, border Brong Ahafo, Gonja?

Boateng, 1966, p. 197: commands the ferry across the Black Volta

            Partnerships: St. Antonius (Bamboi, Diocese of Damongo) with St. Alexander in Bawinkel

Bambui, Davies fieldnotes

Bamkpona, Davies fieldnotes

Bamvem, Bamvim, NR, south of Tamale

            Staniland 1975, p. 40 Map: after division into British Gold Coast

Tamakloe, History 1931: p. 61, chieftainships for only the Royal Blood

Bamwon, UW

The 2001, p. 53

Banda, N, commercial center of the Nchumuru (to Guang), (Francois: Pakku); 1894 British treaty: friendship and trade;

Zech (1904, Kop. 1056), pp. 114, 116

Banda-Nkwanta, N, south of Bole, many ethnicities

Davies fieldnotes,

Prospect: mosque

Rough Guilde p. 867: very old mosque

Williamson, Diaries, p. 260 (1916) and p. 271

Bandai, UW, Sisaala

           Rattray,  p. 484: under the Head Chief of Tumu and the Divisional Chief of Sakai; Clan: Slipper (Nantebe); Chief: Dansea

Bandiyili, N, on or near the Oti

Bangwon, UW, Sisala

Davies fieldnotes,

Eyre Smith 13: former name: Pra; The Mo probably used to live here;

Lentz 2009, p. 130: one of the oldest Sisala villages in the western parts of 'Sisalaland', near the Burkina Faso border; p. 131: founded around the mid-eighteenth century or earlier;

Bankama, Davies fieldnotes

Bano, UW, Awuna

         Rattray, P. 483: under Divisional Chief of Kopun and under Head Chief of Tumu; Clan: Bush Dog; Awuna village under Tumu

Banyan, Davies fieldnotes

Bapammo, Davies fieldnotes

Babugyan, UW, Sisaala

            Rattray, p. 484: under the Head Chief of Tumu and the Divisional Chief of Dolbezan; Clan: Monkey (nwan); Chief: Batun

Bapula, UW, Dagara village, south of Hamile

Baraboko, UE, Kusasi, Schlottner p. 19 (map),

Barache / Kappilium, Davies fieldnotes

Bari, main market of the Tallensi at Tong Hills

Baribari, UE, Bawku District, east of W.Volta, road map, N Bawku

Barisi, N, Koma, Anquandah 1998, p. 22: Map: stone-circles + terracottas, abandoned as a settlement since the 1990s

Bariyambisi, UE

            The 2001, p. 56

Base, Davies fieldnotes

Baselb, UW

            The 2001, p. 49

Basiasan, UE, Kasena? Davies fieldnotes

Basiasan, UW, west of Nakong, diaries p. 282, tour

Basisan, Grab der Dagomba chiefs near resthouse, Tamakloe, History 1931: p. 52

Bassabli, UW, tour

Batiesan, Batisang, UW, Awuna

            The 2001, p. 41: Sisaala

            Rattray, P. 483: under Divisional Chief of Kopun and under Head Chief of Tumu; Clan: Bush Dog; Awuna village under Tumu

Batisang, UW

           The 2001, p. 41: Sisaala

Construction, Davies fieldnotes

Bawiesibeliba: divisional chief appoints chief von Tantuosi

Bawku, UE, 12719, 20567, Bawku District, Kusasi + Busansi, 2018: capital of the Bawku Municipal area; it is one of the biggest towns in the UER

old catalog (without sources): Mossi, Fulani and Hausa as traders in Bawku, from Ouagdougou on the way to Garu market with brass pans; 13,000 E (1967); previously insignificant because off the slave route; Handling of goods: cattle; Hospital built in 1953 by the English colonial government; Transferred to the Basel Mission in 1955 (X-ray, operating room)

Apentiik: p. 131: Pottery: the red, black and white clays come from the pottery village of Bok-Saellinga, 13 km northwest of Bawku; colored clays sold on Bawku Market; other pottery villages: Pusiga (16 km east of Bawku), Sarbugu (5 km SE), Barebare (10 km N), in a 5 km radius: Temelin, Zeuse, Gumbo and Kpaluk; all Kusasi pottery villages; Wawku himself is predominantly Mamprusi; Mamprusi don't make pots, they buy them from the Kusasi,

Avedoba 2009, p. 83-92: Bawku Chieftaincy Conflict; P. 87: Mamprusi chiefs in: Tanga, Teshi, Sinbaga, Bawku, Warikambu; p. 270: Bawku Naba: Abugrago Asigri Azoka II; p. 285-87: report on Bawku case; p. 288: Report, p. 283: Genealogy Bawku chiefs (based on field interviews), p. 284: Mamprusi chiefs of Bawku (geneal.)

Barker: P. 15: City originated because of paramount chief, P. 38: Bawku Governemtn Hospital of Presbyt. Church administers “on Gehalf of the Ministry of Health since 1956; P. 112: Bawku Naba: formerly Mamprusi family (married Kusasi), Independence: Kusasi for Nkrumah, Mamprusi for Busia; After the death of the old Mamprusi chief, Kusasi use their Abugrago choka (?) Spontaneously; Nkrumah leaves him in office; Military and Busia deployed Mamprusi; Liman and Rawlings leave Mamprussi chief; 1984: Kusasi use violence; Son of Abugrago is installed; Approved by PND, not House of Chiefs; P. 114: Market every 3 days together with Bolga and Zebilla;

Bening 1975 (cop. 829); P. 655: B. becomes a district station in February 1909

Bening 2001, p. 22: B. developed (early 20th century) in a trade center, was on the trade route; P. 25: January 1923 Kusasi District founded with Haumptstadt Bawku, P. 27: 1940 first experiment in representative local government as distinct from native administration in the N.T.

Binger 1892; there 1882: II, 54, 101, 116, 142

Blair 1937: p. 11; Mr Syme: District Commissioner; station: prison, hospital; school where modern farming is taught (p. 12); Market: largest in N.T .; Blair left Bawku 8.1.37

Boateng: p. 200: 12719 E; the busiest town in the region; meeting place for traders; At B. one feels that one is virtually in the Sudan region of West Africa, where men wear long, flowing robes and women display exotic hair styles.

Bobobee (cop. 1122): p. 2: 1938 training center for animal teams

Briggs: pp. 328-29

Census 2000: 51379 pop.

Chalfin: (Ghana’s North, 2003), p. 8 (Ms): Bawku Central Markte the largest market in Bawku East District; located right off the main trunk road running from the national highway to Ghana’s northeaster border

Cobbinah: (1990) p. 202; P. 389: 22,000 E; Mixed culture: Fulani ...; no industry; Schinuss processing also for overseas (cosmetics)

Davies fieldnotes

Der (Universitas): p. 10: 1940-50 farm center built, mixed farming with plowing, a Local Development Committee granted loans of bullocks and plows to some farmers

The 2001, p. 56f.

Drucker Brown (1975), p. 88: chief is at the same time earth master

GHP: (ghanaweb) ... the first Kusasi to rule Bawku was Abugarago Azoka I. He was driven away from Pusiga ... for the Offence of going to bed with his best friend's wife ... 1958 Supreme Court Declaration: .. . Nkrumah started the Bawku conflict by disskinning Mamprusis because they were opposed to him and enskinning Kusasis who voted for him.

December 2nd, 2017: third among the top 5 most dangerous towns in Ghana. It has become known for the violent clashes that often occur in the town. Though many of them seem political, underpinning them is a chieftaincy disputes ... Bawku is a land dominated by Kusasis but was put under the care of the Mamprusi overlord (Nayiri) in Nalerigu (N.R.) for administrative convenience. ... the Kusasis and Mamprusis have aligned themselves to NDC and NPP respectively.

Haaf: pp. 7-10: Commerce, trade, B. lies in a depression; "Since Bawku was a few kilometers off the caravan route that led from Wagadugu via Gambaga, Yendi to the important Salaga slave market, the village only had a certain political significance as the seat of a Mamprusi chief in the previous century City with today 13,000 inhabitants and an important traffic junction. ... important goods and trade transfer point; the transport of cattle is important; p. 8: Over the years, members of eighteen different tribes have settled in Bawku, cola trade; p. 8: Plan of the market; Significance of the Lagosians; p. 9: Hospital: built in 1963 by the English colonial government and handed over to the Basel Mission in 1955. Polyclinic with pharmacy, laboratory, X-rays, operating and delivery rooms, internal and surgical departments .. Catchment area: Kusase District, attached to the nursing school

ghanaweb 1.1.2019: Bawku Naba: Bawku deserves a new region ... The overlord of the Kusal traditional area, Naba Abugrago Azoka II is appealing to President Akufo-Addo; ... he made this call during this year's Samapiid festival in Bawku ... region for the seven districts: Bawku municipality, Binduri, Pusiga, Bawku West, Garu, Tempane and Bawku East with a registered voter population above 222,000 ... There were also calls by the Bawku Naba for the elevation of Bawku West and Garu into municipalities ,,, Samanipii frestival was on the theme "Harnessing the potentials of the people of Kusaug for the develpment of the area. Since 1988 the festival has undergone some modifications ...

5.1.19: Paramount Chief of the Bawku Traditional Area, Naba Asigri Azorka II: ... conflict will soon be declared over

Levtzion: (Kop. 1137) p. 159: Market flourished at the time of Babatus because caravans (Mossi, Haussa) stopped there and traded with Zaberma: robes and rifles against slaves

Perrault: p. 60: list of chiefs: 10 chiefs, last: Aberguri; P. 63: Ali the son of Na Atabia came to Bawku with a large following. They spent the night at Sapelliga and the next day entered Bawku. They had very little resistance from the local people. To this day there is a custom about this event in Bawku. When a new chief is appointed he goes to Sapelliga and during the night he walks alone towards Bawku. The people of Tusugu come out in war kit and pretend to stop him but he enters Bawku unmolested.

Perthes: p. 224: 1984: 34,000 E.

Prospect: mosque

Rattray, p.374: Bawku also contain a number of Zuos clansmen, the Tendan 'is a Zuos; Bawk (Bawku) are really Mampruse, not Kusasi

Turner 1971, p. 23: climate graph: annual temperature and rainfall; p. 24: mean monthly temperatures, p. 25: mean monthly rainfall

Schlottner p. 19

Schlottner (Diss): p. 166, Fn 1: closed place form, ethnically divergent population shares; sentralortliche function, p. 195: with Binduri and Sinebaga pre-colonial ruler's residence

Schlottner (Paideuma): p. 156: end of the 17th century on the leading trade route Salaga, Mamprusi, Hausa states and to Tenkodogo; three customs and sentries are set up: Sineba, Binduri and Bawku

St. John-Parsons: More Legends; P. 51ff: How the Kusasis got their name; Mampr. Chief appoints Bawkunaba

von Gnielinski: p. 156: Ölmühle; P. 213: Reismühle; 1975: 820 t

Bawu, N, Neusiedlerdorf am Volta reservoir

Bazengo, UE, Bolgatanga District, road map: NE, NE Mirigu, border

Bazua, UE, Bawku District, east W.Volta, road map, SW Bawku Davies fieldnotes

           Rattray, P. 484: all clans and totem animals of Wa; P. 466 fn: Isala [Sisaala] settlement, "n ha borea" or Garebagla dialect

Belagu, UE, Bawku District, east W.Volta, road map, S Bawku

Bellu, UW

           Bening 2001, p. 21: 1909 Tumu station closed to have officials for Bawku; T. District split between Lawra and Wa because the chiefs of Bellu and Gwollu did not want to go to Lawra District

          Rattray, p. 466 fn: Isala [Sisaala] settlement, "N se ha" or Debe dialect

Belunguo, UE, Bolgatanga District, road map: NO, zw Wulugu and Bolga, Binger

Bende, N, near the border to the UR, on or near the Oti

Bendi, Tamakloe, History 1931: p. 50

Bentripe, Davies fieldnotes

Betoyio, Davies fieldnotes

Biama, Davies fieldnotes

Bielepong, Davies fieldnotes

Bikyembele, UW, Sisaala

            Rattray, p. 484: under the Head Chief of Tumu and the Divisional Chief of Walembele; Clan: Small mouse; Chief: Beita

Billaw, Billow (Der), UW, at Lambusie, Sisaala settlement,

Davies fieldnotes,

The 2001, p. 53

Lentz 1998,

Lentz-Kuba (2002) p. 398,

Lentz 2009, p. 131: Sisala village established in the late eighteenth century


Bimbilla, Bimbila, old name Nanun, NR, 4214, 8068, B.-LC, Yendi District, Nanumba, Teacher Training C., between Yendi and Kete Kr, formerly British Togoland

Yantamba (Ngmantambu), one of the 8 sons of Bawas (Gbewas) becomes chief of Bimbila; 2018: capital town of the Nanumba North District, N.R.

Avedoba 2009, p. 179: capital of Nanun, the Nanumba kingdom (paramountcy), seat aof the Headquarters of the Nanumba North District; p. 188: April 1981: fighting spread from B. across the Damankun River; houses of the Konkomba in B. looted and destroyed;

Bening 1975, p. 648: belongs to the neutral zone from 1888 to 1899

Bening, 2001, p. 25: Nanumnba related to Dagomba, but the chief of Bimbila was not a subject of Dagomba paramount

          Brukum / Tonah 2007, p.108: 1980: Konkomba selected Ali (ex-serviceman) as their chief, hence conflict with Nanumba; p. 112: Jan.

1994: peak: burning of the Police Station in B. and looting of

its arms and ammunition.

Census 2000, 76: 1892 British treaty: friendship and trade

Census 2000: 21016 inhabitants

Fisch 1911: (Kop.1033): p. 43: Nanumba, p. 48-51: auf Hügel, 3000 E, Hptl. of Bimbila is king of the Nanumba; Mosque in the Islamic district, market every day, pits at the foot of the hill for drinking water; P. 131: Capital of the Nanumba (sub-tribe of the Dagbamba)

Ghanaweb August 29, 2014: on November 30, 1896, the Germans conquered under Gruner and burned the city; Sergeant Heitmann falls; Bimbilla Naa sends message to Yaa Naa Andani II;

December 2nd, 2017: second amont the top 5 most dangerous towns in Ghana. It is in this area that the infamous Nanumba-Konkomba was in which reportedly ... 2000 people died and 150,000 were displaced. It started in 1994, when a Konkomba killed a Nanumba who outbid him in the purchase of a guinea fowl (guinea fowl war) ... There is also a chieftaincy dispute between the Andani and Nakpa Naa gates over the legitimate person to be enskinned the next chief of town.

Gruner: (1849/95, Kop. 1071), p. 90: B. was under the patronage of Yendi in 1884

Köhler: Kop. 20, p. 239, Nanumba

Reminder: 63: Center 4th order, 6-day market; 153: Rural Health Center (4 + 4 beds)

Partnerships: St. Joseph's with the Holy Spirit, Münster

Polyglot: government inn

Staniland 1975, p.iiv: map, Nanumba settlement, p. 40 Map: after division into German Togo

Tait: p. 30: Konkomba in the Salgag-Bimbila-Krachi triangle

Tamakloe, History 1931, p. 15; Ngmantam founds Kgr. The Nanumba, 42

Zech (1904, cop. 1056) p. 119

Bimpielega, UE, Bawku District, east W.Volta, road map, east Pusiga

Binaba, UE, Kusasi, Bawku District, west of W.Volta, 2000: 1800E,

Schlottner p. 19 (map),

Road map, S Zebila

Bindi, UE, Mamprusi, Schlottner p. 19 (map),

Binduli (Karaga) (Tamakloe, History 1931): 14

Binduli (Nanumba) Tamakloe, History 1931: p. 76

Binduri, Bunduri, Bindur (Rattray), UE, Kusasi, 2000: approx. 2200 E;

            Avedoba 2009, p. 84f: military outspost of the Mamprusi in Bawku area, chiefs enskinned here

Davies fieldnotes

The 2001, p. 56

Huysecom, p. 356: Neolithic hoe

Perrault, p. 63: The first chief of B. was Yesya son of Na Tempuri and he lived in Malaga (Togoland). He was sent there by Na Atabia after he had sent a chief to Sinnebaga and before he sent one to Bawku. They were to supervise the caravans of slaves from Tenkodugu to Gambaga. Malaga was attacked many time by the Bazaberimies and the chief of Malaga Arazubi decided to move to Gumsho. The next chief moved to Tangsia and another chief Winyam finally voved (sic, moved) to Bunduri. P. 60: List of chiefs: 12 chiefs, last: AwindiS. 64: to Kusase-Agolle,

Rattray, p.374: Kusasi, clan: Zuos; taboo: python

Schlottner (Diss.) P. 19: map; P. 195: pre-colonial ruler's residence with Bawku and Sinebaga

Schlottner (Paideuma), p. 156: on trade route Salaga-Mumprugu-Tenkodo-house states: 3 inches and guard stations built: Sinebaga, Binduri and Bawku; According to Syme (1932), today's residents of B’s lived in Tempane until the second half of the 19th century; after defeating Zamberima they feared revenge and gradually emigrated to Binduri

Tamakloe p. 14, at Karga

Biong Ayia valley, Davies fieldnotes

Biong, Davies fieldnotes

Biri, Davies fieldnotes

Birifu, Burufu, UW,

Archaeological research (own), p. 359: Burufu, Neolithic settlement remains; Mosaic pavement; Hoe, perforated stone disc, ornate pottery shards

Goody: M. of the Bagre, p. 7: matrilineal clanship less pronounced today; P. 9: Market: 6-day cycle; people of B., whom I identify as LoWiili ...; 1952 primary school just started; 2 teachers were sons of the late chief; B on the left bank of the Black Volta, land flooded; sharp escarpment; only a few houses upstairs; all clans immigrated in the last 5 generations; before the Janni (Dyan) lived here; rushes in Burkina; Ruins of their homesteads; round pits in the laterite: water supplies; no irrigation,

Goody (1956, LoWiili) p. 16: Dagari-speaking settlement (main research area), situated on the eastern bank of the Black Volta some ten miles south of Lawra ... I have called these people LoWiili, a name under which I include a few other people living nearby.

Lentz (2000; Kop. 970), p. 129: in the 1950s: B. wants his own local council and wants to break away from Lawra; Reason: maltreatment; before colonial times, B. was an independent settlement like Lavra; by British: chief of B. subordinate to paramount chief of Lawra (since 1930s); Birifu is his own tribe (but linguistically and culturally very closely related to Dagara)

Lentz 1998, p. 382: after Goody living in Birifu LoWiili; property inherited patrilineally, matriclans subsidiary role

Marie Louise S. 111: Burifo, hippo hunt

Allman 2005, p. 140: from B. the Kankamea cult begins; High point in the late colonial phase

Birigi, Davies fieldnotes

Bisigu, UE, Bolgatanga District, road map: NE, SW Kologu, near W Volta

Biuk, Biu, Biung, UE, Navrongo District; Road map: NW sheet, 15 km south of Navrongo, SE Chuchuliga;

            Ms. Isaac Akapata (2007): Biuk is a Bulsa village that the British added to the Navrongo district because they wanted the Tano (Tono) as a border river; History: The first inhabitants of Biuk lived in caves; early connections to Gani village (north of Biuk); Biuk consists of 11 clans (lineages?): Agyenta-Yire, Ajopgi-Yire, Azinsa-Yire, Doosindema-Yire, Jaogu-Yire, Awaagila-Yire, Goonsa-Yire, Afoene-Yire, Ateensi-Yire, Ayiigi-Yire, Akuuli-yire. The teng-nyono (earth lord) belongs to Agyenta-Yire. Yire has a clinic and primary school built in 1972 by the Catholic Church (Navrongo); There are numerous irrigation systems in the vicinity of Biuk

            Arbor 2007, P. 106: dispersed settlement ... some 269 compounds spread over a wide area east of the Tono River and its former floodplains, where today the tail end of the Tono irrigation project is situated. P. 107: village, schools, clinic and two stations with local bars and a number of stalls ... p. 107: photo: a local compound; P. 108: photo: Market truck in Seenza station; P. 109: absence of a real market .. a number of local women offer their wares for sale at both lorry stations; ... local brewers provide pito... in thatched huts and meals are available at few food stalls; ... as late as 1995, the village lacked any social amenities such as shops or bars and all provisions had to be bought from Navrongo ... schools: Biu Primary School; ... Seenza Primary School, financed by the EU, opened in 2004; Junior Secondary School; P. 134: associated with Kologo (voluntarily), and started to respect the jurisdiction of the Kologo naba long before colonial times; P. 136: As the Kologo naba had become a paramount chief, a divisional chief of Biu had to be selected; first chief of Kodima: Adawina, his successor: Jimmy Adawina; chief of Seenza: Afaa; P. 152: Map: Traditional land tenure during the rainy season in Biu; P. 160: To the south-west of the village across the River Tono is the Abusa bush, where a number of farmers from Biu have their bush farms ... others have their bush farms ... in the Kologo bush; P. 216: the number of teachers ... at the time of the study ... was about 10; P. 253: many of the local gods are ... also river gods. ... appear embodied in crocodiles; ... one of the most important [sacred] places is the only perennial pond in the area, Kolonaba ...

Biuk, UE, Tallensi

            Fortes 1945 (Dyn.), P. 42f: Descendants of Mosuor, who immigrated from Mamprusiland, live in the villages of Tongo, Yameleg, Sie and Biuk; Tongo the most senior, Biuk the most junior;

Biun, UE, Tallensi,

Perrault, Kop. 577, p. 61: The ruling house goes back to Nopeog who came from Nalerigu with Misore. The chief goes to Kurugu for the red fez.

Tamakloe. P. 6? (Gruma)

Biungu, UE, Bolgatanga District, road map: NO, S Datoko, near W Volta

Bo, UW, Tengan: Boo (= Bu?), Bu: south of Hamile,

Davies fieldnotes

            The 2001, p. 49 (Bu)

            Kaya 2002, field research on traditional architecture, map p. VII

            Lentz 2009, p. 131: belongs to the first wave of Sisala immigration; land later occupied by the Dagara of Tantuo, p. 132

Boe, UW, Tour, Boa; = Bo (Dagara village, UW)

Bogon, UW,

Lentz 1998, p. 100: Dagaba village, becomes privateer himself after Babatu,

Tamakloe, History 1931: chieftainships for only the Royal Blood, Tamakloe, p. 61

Bojan, UW (Sisala), see Bujon (Bujan)

Bold, Davies fieldnotes

Bole, N, B-LC, Damongo District, Gonja, Vagla, Birifor

old catalog: Gonjaland captured by Samory in 1895; Bole district station with resthouse early on

Arch. Research (own), p. 357: Settlement remains 17./18. Century; Excavations by Shinnie, see Huysecom

Armstrong 1898,

Avedoba 2009: p.127: gate for Gonja paramountcy; p. 165: In 1976 the Bole district was created, Gonja and and non-Gonja,

Bening 1975 (Kop. 829), p. 660: In 1922 District Station was to be relocated from Bole to Larabanga, but not carried out; Reasons: most important chief in Bole; Telephone line through Bole

Blair 1937, p. 22: 20.1.37

Briggs p. 336

2000 census, 8996 inhabitants

Census 2000, 76: British Treaties 1892: trade and friendship; 1892: Samory destroys B. and the surrounding area

Davies fieldnotes;

The 1998 (cop. 967), p. 39: April 1896 - June 1897 occupied by Samoris sofas; Basis for further scalven hunts in western Gony

Henderson (Cop. 116), p. 488f: Bualé, devastated by Samori's son; partly still inhabited by sofas; large warehouse of sofas in Bole, temporarily headquarters; Photo: Sof-Huts, Ferbuson; P. 490: Buale from the West (photo)

Huysecom (own), p. 357: 1977 excavations by Shinnie; Settlement remains 17./18. Century

ghanaweb: 11.12.2018: The renewed chieftaincy dispute has led to the death of two persons. Government has imposed curfew on Bole and its environments ... The fighting is between supporters of two individuals of the same royal family who have laid competing claims over the Bole skin. ... Tensions have been simmering in Bole for months .. The royal individuals, who are all members of the Safope gate, laid claims to the Mandari skin and confusion broke [out] in June last year over the rightful candidate of the Bole skin , abter the chief, Bolewura Awuladese Pnotmprong Mahama (II) died.

 ghanaweb January 15, 2019: B. competing to become the capital of the new Savannah Region; [rivals:] Bole embroiled in chieftainciy disputes that have threatened peace and security in the area ... dawn to dusk curfew ...

Goody, Esther, 2001 Field Research in Bole

Iliasu (Kop. 1018), p. 3: B. after the sleep of Jantilipe (1895) by Samoris sofas occupied and plundered (1896)

Kankpeyeng 2004, p. 98: mosque (timber + clay), preserved by GMMG

Reminder: Center 4th order, p. 59, 6-day market

Partnerships: Martyrs of Uganda (Bole, Diocese of Damongo) with St. Vincentius, Meppen

Perrault: p. 85: around 1800 Ashanti under Isamwa Kwanta attacked the Gonja von Bolde: annual tribute to slaves; Gonja fetch slaves from Walas; Walas accept gonja marks; 30 miles from Bole ruins of an ancient city; could have been old capital Yabun; destroyed by Samory; Yabumwura now lives in Damango; P. 86f .: Ashanti occupy Bole; Annual tribute to slaves, p. 90: 1896 Samori's son Sankemory in Bole

Rattray, p. 577: town of the Gonja; Nyen-pibi (children of a male) chieftaincy

Prospect: mosque

Williamson, diaries, p. 261 (1916)

Bolgatanga, UE, B. Distr., 5515, 18896, Frafra, Teacher Training College,

old catalog, Schott: German project: meat factory; only Frafra town; 1930 still little significant, market place; Enlargement of the ferry service from Pwalugug 1937 led to more traffic via Bolga, the main hub for Kola; Merchants from Ashanti, Dagomba and Nigeria settled here

Apentiik, 1977, p. 179: in Bolgatanga-Zaare: Schmiede; partly two forges in one compound

Avedoba 2009, p. 92-100: Bolga Skin Affair; P. 93: Bolga Naba enjoys paramountcy status over 10 clans, corresponding to the following villages: Zobbisi, Atulbabisi, Kumbosko, Zaare, Soe, Tanzui, Yorogo, Gambibgo, Yarigabisi, Sumbrungo, first settlers: Zobbisi, Atulbabisi and Tanzui, p. 292: occupants of Bolga skin (geneal.)

Barker, p. 103: 1924 cath. Parish; 1955 Presbyterianer, government hospital, p. 114: market every 3 days together with Zebilla and Bawku; P. 318: Denominations, 3055 visitors to Christian churches; largest denomination: Roman Catholic (2000 churchgoers)

Bedu, p. 69: Festivals: May: Don Festival

Bening, History of Education N.G., p. 58: White fathers build school in Bolga in 1927,

Bening 2001, p. 27: 1940 first experiment in representative local government as distinct from native administration in Bawku, 1942 extended ot Bolgatanga

Boateng, p. 118: Map: dispersed settlement around Bolga; P. 200: Market famous for its colorful baskets, meat factory; 5515 E

Briggs, pp. 322-326, city map

Brochure Education, Women’s TTC

Census 2000: 49,162 inhabitants

Cobbinah (1990), pp. 199-200, Hotels

Cobbinah (1995), p. 387f: 45000E, Today on the power grid, previously diesel power station; Leather and wickerwork, nowhere cheaper souvenirs; Royal Palace in the Western Sudanese architectural style, catering resthouse with air conditioning 30DM, Comme ci, comme approx

The 2001, p. 56

Hart, Keith, (in Ch. Soc. Struct, Eigen), p. 21: twin complex of market and lorry park; lorry park ruled by Muslims; Trade: food, poultry, cola, cloth, tools, tourist goods

ghanaweb: February 21, 2019: one dead in renewed Bolga chieftaincy clash. ... the clashes began after the death of the Paramount Chief of Bolgatanga, Naba Martin Abilba III, in 2013, with his eldes son and another royal laying claim to the stool

GHP news-27.4.2010: defunct rice mills; leatherwork are carried out at areas around B. and the surrounding villages

GHP News September 27, 2015: Street fighting in Bolga; one shot; fight started when supporters of the two rival chiefs clashed in town; The military and police have taken control; on September 29th, the police were on patrol; Quarrel broke out in Atulbabisi elelctoral area; currently there are two chiefs from tow gates in the Bolga traditional area. One was enskinned by the Nayiri and the other was enskinned by the elders of the traditional area.

Jeroch (Ind. Dev. Ghana), p. 110ff: Companies in Bolga: B. Meat Prod. Corp .; P. 128: Askyine’s Witchcraft Doctor (Native Medicine)

Kroger Diary 1973,1, p. 83: rough city map

Lühring (own): pp. 136-141: Agricultural development; History, p. 138: map 1925; P. 140: expands after being appointed regional capital: 1960; 1960: 5500 E; until 1925 agricultural development; from 1925 trade boom; founded by the Abolga family (from Upper Volta) in the 14th century in Yikim Ort; Kulda River; until 1955: Post office, employment office, infirmary, police, bank, world-famous baskets, straw hats, leather bags, linen shirts, clay pots; Government district in the north

Mahn, p. 23: Center 3rd order

Official Guide, p. 69: Sights