Peasant kings who are married

The wasteland of Stockach near Odelzhausen

Josef Kiening: Local history Stockach

On a hill above the Glonntal there are three stately farms, so-called farmer kings. The following texts should be cited as examples for many protocols of the same type.

First of all about the relationship between the former farmers: an enmity.

Example of a large farm handover with discharge letter: For the personal data, see farmer.

Source of the protocols of letters from the Friedberg Pr. 42

Handover letter on January 14, 1779

(Text shortened to the essentials and explained.)

The widower Johann Walter, Ganzbauer in Stockach hands over the 1/1-yard of the Scheyern monastery and the 1/4-yard also to Scheyern as a free donation, then 3 Eigen├Ącker 2 Juchert and 2 remote fields in the Egenburger Feld to his son Anton Walter to one Delivery sum of 3800 guilders.

The transfer fee is calculated as follows:

  • 1100 fl (guilders) for the transferee as father and mother property. (arithmetical inheritance, not available in money)
  • 1100 fl for their daughter Afra, who is still single and lives at home
  • 500 fl rest for the daughter Monika who is married to Kaspar Steininger (part already paid)
  • 300 fl rest for the son Johann Walter married in Dipoldshofen
  • 800 fl to the transferring father as a spare penny.

The order of payment is then regulated: Daughter Afra receives 700 fl immediately in cash when she marries. (This amount was to be found in the marriage property of the young peasant woman marrying in.) The remainder in annual installments of 150 florins from 1780, as long as the marital property comes in, then 100 florins Part of it was raised in cash and the rest of the money was paid in installments from her parents. These installments were immediately passed on to the siblings. The other installments of 100 g were to be paid by the farm itself.)

The Zehrpfennig is to be paid in annual installments of 30 fl. (These installments ran independently of the other installments. The handing over old farmer, at the time of the handover certainly over 70 years old, still expected a life expectancy of 25 years. Because 25 installments of 30 fl each were 750 fl and 50 fl for the funeral the Zehrpfennig of 800 florins. It is not explicitly there, therefore, after the death of the boy, his remaining cash as well as the not yet due and paid installments of the Zehrpfennig are to be distributed to all siblings.).

The fees for this protocol were a total of 19 guilders 7 1/2 cruisers.

(Before handing over the landlord, the consent of the Scheyern Abbey had to be obtained. Presumably, in late autumn of the previous year, after the harvest was done, father and son traveled by horse or cart to the monastery about 50 km away and introduced themselves to the abbot to make the same calculation of the transfer sum, because according to this, the "laudemium", a kind of property acquisition or inheritance tax of 5 to 7.5% of the property, is to be paid to the landlord Guilders. After the paid marriage property, which corresponds to shares of inheritance, it would have been worth more. 2 daughters do not appear in the list. They were fully paid. The list of children in a transfer does not have to be complete. The amounts already paid to son Johann and daughter Monika are also not included in the calculation. With a view to the "laudemium", the transfer sum should be as low as possible a sale of property to non-relatives was regularly paid higher amounts.)

Discharge letter to it

The discharge letter recorded after the handover is quoted in full, but in modern spelling for better readability. Source text in italics.

Discharge letter after a 3-year posting per 197 fl 36 x - pfg.

(The "amount in dispute", according to which the court calculates its fees, was calculated as 3 years of the discharge.

Tax: (Notary fees)

  • 2 fl 24 xr manufacturing ( the certificate handed out to the farmers, their proof of ownership)
  • 2 fl 24 xr writing fee ( Fair copy in the preserved log book of the Friedberg Nursing Court)
  • 1 fl 4 xr emergency fee ( Concept developed during the negotiation, also still available in Rapular Volume Pr 118.)
  • - fl 30 1/2 xr sealing fee (for the seal, authentication, on the first copy)
  • - fl 34 xr witnesses (in this case the clerks)
  • - fl 51 xr office ( Bailiff's salary, heating of the building)
  • 7 fl 47 1/2 xr total of the above items.

Protruding gutsceding Wittiber Johann Walter With today's assignment of his owned whole and quarter courtyard, the following discharge and hostel (Right of residence) life sentence reserved, which the well-to-do son Anton Walter was told to obey,

namely, He, the carrying father with the son, should have the food over the table, as it is given by the grace of God, to enjoy at noon in the ord. Court living room is permitted and (will) be cooked at any time for the night, which will always appear decent to him and which will demand the condition of his body. ( The delivery boy was not allowed to make any special requests for lunch, because there was no time to cook specially for him. In the evening, however, already. It should be noted that the delivery boy was definitely toothless, so he couldn't eat everything.)

But since they could not be amicable and disagree with one another in the long run, therefore He, the carrying out Father, did Apartma(Apartment, delivery room) would be forced to take, the existing room, where he has to enjoy his rest at night, would have to be left for his permanent living and resting place and his lifelong Sustendation (Entertains ) on the other hand, 2 Schaffl Korn every year (Rye), 1 lamb of wheat, 2 lamb full of cabbage, 1 butcher's beet, 40 pounds of lard, one measure of milk every day, as long as there is one, at Christmas 20 pounds of meat and 10 pairs of sausages, at the church consecration 12 pounds of meat and 6 pairs of sausages A white loaf of bread is baked as often, the seventh day the eggs, which the hens lay, and the fourth part of all the fruit that has turned out to be served.

(The previous paragraph was inserted by the court, only in the event that old and young no longer wanted to get along. Normally, the paragraph before that the boy eats with the family applies. Here you can see how poor even with a rich large farmer The listed goods represented the entire selection of food. The farm was fully self-sufficient. Purchasing food was not possible and common, with the exception of the yeast required for baking. Potatoes were still unknown here in 1779, otherwise they would be Except for pastries there was only cabbage and beets. At Christmas a cattle was slaughtered and at a church fair a pig was probably slaughtered. Then there was large quantities of meat. Since the delivery man could not eat 20 pounds of meat in a short time, he is suitable Pieces were smoked. There was no meat during the summer. It would spoil too quickly. Most of the time, the fact that sugar and Sugar products, which now make up a large proportion of the diet, are absent from this list. The only sweetener was honey. Even with large farmer properties, beehives are rarely or never mentioned. A farmer didn't bother with that. As a result, honey was also bought in small quantities. Fruit preservation was not yet common. Apples were the only fruit that could be stored.)

By the way ... as much wood and light as necessary are to be put in front of the door and 3 fine shirts, 2 pairs of shoes and 1 pair of slippers are made every year and must be followed. (There is no talk of trousers? Did the delivery man's lederhosen hold up to the end of his life?)

A riding horse (is) no less, as often as the carrying father always wants to ride out, (to provide.) (This shows the status of the large farmer. This clause is unusual. I only read something similar in a discharge letter for a widow of the neighboring Korbini farmer in Stockach: Whenever the widow wanted to go out, a horse was to be harnessed to the wagon Walter was still so vigorous that he could get on a horse himself.)

In case of illness he has to leave the estate for 4 weeks with all needs Freeendured and given the same wait until the reluctant recovery, then finally with washing and the damaged needle repaired and mended by a sturgeon cutter or the like. (A maintenance lasting longer than 4 weeks was not included in the discharge. In such a case, the "Zehrpfennig", according to the handover 800 guilders, would have to be claimed as a saving of the carrier. This means that a longer maintenance at the expense of all 6 Siblings would go, because after the death of the boy they inherited the rest of his cash assets in equal parts or the right to the unpaid installments of the Zehrpfennig.)

With which this exception letter has now ended and, incidentally, this has also been agreed that after the father's death, the discharge will again fall entirely to the estate. Otherwise ... his stipulated Zehrpfennig 800 fl in money ... should be given to the children, including the landlord, in equal parts. With this, the parts are content and satisfied, and consequently the authority's hand glib (of vows, pledges with handshakes) been paid.

January 17, 1779


For comparison, read the handover of a house in Baindlkirch in the same year. There the handover and discharge were summarized in one letter. The fee for this was the same, namely 8 guilders 10 kreuzers.

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(C) Josef Kiening, to start with